human trafficking meaning

Human trafficking is the act of forcefully transporting or recruiting persons for the purpose of exploitation, which includes prostitution or sexual exploitation, forced labour, slavery, or removal of organs. According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, human trafficking is defined as “the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, means of the threat or use of force”.

Trafficking of individuals is a serious crime and a heinous violation of human rights.  “Every year, thousands of men, women and children fall prey to the hands of traffickers, in their own countries abroad. Almost every country in the world is affected by trafficking, whether as a country of origin, transit or destination for victims,” said the UN.

Sex Trafficking

Although one case may differ from another, most human trafficking cases follow the same pattern, according to a report of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC):  people are abducted or recruited in a country of origin; transferred through transit regions; and then exploited in a destination country.

There are 3 elements that constitute human trafficking:  the criminal act of recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of persons within or across national borders by means of threat or use of force, coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or vulnerability, or giving payments or benefits to a person in control of the victim:

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Involuntary servitude happens when a domestic worker becomes enslaved in an exploitative position they are incapable of escaping.

what is human trafficking
Human trafficking

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