Victimology And Foul Play:
While examination of the missing persons report motive(s) underlying pre-disappearance behavior (functional analysis) and behavioral consistency theory. The theoretical perspectives guide the development of a profile, psychological autopsy, and victimology. And to investigate missing persons the theory is a tool that further specifies relevant detail and appropriate perspective.
In the present study, psychological autopsy and victimology are as much a methodology as a theory. Due mainly to the emphasis on the practical requirements of data collection.
Victimology is a branch of criminology, that attempts to understand crime and the criminal in society through increasing knowledge about the victim, rather than the perpetrator of a crime.
A victimology is first and foremost an investigative tool, providing context, connections, and investigative direction for missing persons. Unless we know who a victim is, or was, and how they lived, we cannot say that we truly know the context of their disappearance, or the events leading up to it.
The challenge with missing person cases. However, this investigative tool is being used, not to aid the apprehension of the perpetrator. But to determine what reasons the person may have for being missing.
This is central to CRI’s task when a report of missing persons is received. A number of different factors need to be considered when assessing the risk for foul play.
The distinguishes between those who are at risk for victimization by someone known, such as a family member, or someone unknown. Making this distinction is dependent on the person’s lifestyle factors, such as being involved in drugs or prostitution. As well as social circumstances, such as being in an abusive relationship
Weighing up these kinds of factors helps the investigator to determine the type of risk. Risk can also be categorized according to what our Operatives identify as lifestyle risk and incident risk.
Lifestyle risk refers to the personality and personal, professional, and social environments. Inspection of the person’s routine habits and any other notable circumstances provide the investigator with some idea of whether there was an increased likelihood of harm.
Personality is also an important factor in the contributing to one’s risk for victimization, and various types of dispositions, such as aggression, impulsivity, and depression, as additional factors that need to be considered in addition to lifestyle risk.